Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) was
formed in 1998. It is a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation with
participants from all over the world dedicated to keeping the Internet secure,
stable and interoperable. It promotes competition and develops policy on the Internet’s
ICANN doesn’t control content on the Internet. It cannot stop spam and it doesn't deal with access to the Internet. But through its coordination role of
the Internet's naming system, it does have an important impact on the expansion
and evolution of the Internet.
The Internet Society (ISOC)
The Internet Society (ISOC) is a nonprofit organization founded in 1992 to provide leadership in Internet
related standards, education and policy. ISOC is dedicated to ensuring the open
development, evolution and use of the Internet for the benefit of people throughout
In furthering this mission, ISOC:
- Provides leadership in
addressing issues that confront the future of the Internet.
- Serves as the organizational
home for the groups responsible for Internet infrastructure standards,
including the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and the Internet Architecture Board (IAB).
- Acts as a global clearinghouse
for Internet information and education.
- Facilitates and coordinates Internet-related
initiatives around the world.
Internet Governance Forum (IGF)
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF)
supports the United Nations Secretary-General in carrying out the mandate from
the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) with regard to convening a
new forum for multi-stakeholder policy dialogue on Internet governance. The Forum’s mandate includes:
- Discussing public policy
issues related to key elements of Internet governance in order to foster
the sustainability, robustness, security, stability and development of the
- Facilitating discourse
between bodies dealing with different cross-cutting international public
policies regarding the Internet and discuss issues that do not fall within
the scope of any existing body;
- Facilitating the exchange
of information and best practices, and in this regard make full use of the
expertise of the academic, scientific and technical communities;
- Advising all stakeholders
in proposing ways and means to accelerate the availability and
affordability of the Internet in the developing world;
- Strengthening and enhancing
the engagement of stakeholders in existing and/or future Internet
governance mechanisms, particularly those from developing countries;
- Identifying emerging
issues, bring them to the attention of the relevant bodies and the general
public, and, where appropriate, make recommendations;
- Contributing to capacity
building for Internet governance in developing countries, drawing fully on
local sources of knowledge and expertise; and
- Helping to find solutions
to the issues arising from the use and misuse of the Internet, of particular
concern to everyday users.
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
The Internet Engineering Task
Force (IETF) is a large open international community of network designers, operators, vendors,
and researchers concerned with the evolution of the Internet architecture and
the smooth operation of the Internet. It is open to any interested individual.
The actual technical work of the IETF is done in its working groups, which are
organized by topic into several areas (e.g., routing, transport, security,
etc.). Much of the work is handled via mailing lists.
The IETF holds meetings three times per year.
The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is the central
coordinator for the assignment of unique parameter values for Internet
protocols. The IANA is chartered by the Internet Society (ISOC) to act as the
clearinghouse to assign and coordinate the use of numerous Internet protocol
Asia Pacific Top Level Domain Association (APTLD)
The Asia Pacific Top Level
Domain Association (APTLD) is an organization for ccTLD (country-code
Top Level Domain) registries in Asia Pacific region. APTLD was originally established in 1998, and in 2003
legally established in Malaysia.
APTLD works as the forum of information exchange regarding technological and
operational issues of domain name registries in Asia Pacific region. Also, as an interface to other
international Internet coordinating bodies, APTLD fosters and elevates
participation of AP ccTLDs in these global forums, as well as acting in the
best interest of APTLD members in global Internet policy making process.
APTLD’s objectives are:
- To promote skills
development and information exchange related to Internet domain names
- To provide a forum to
discuss policy matters affecting Internet domain name related entities
- To act as an interface with Internet
coordination bodies and other bodies involved in the Internet domain name
APNIC is an open,
membership-based, not-for-profit organization. It is one of five Regional Internet
Registries (RIRs) charged with ensuring the fair distribution and responsible
management of IP addresses and related resources. These resources are required
for the stable and reliable operation of the global Internet.
As part of this service, the APNIC Secretariat is responsible for
maintaining the public APNIC Whois Database and managing reverse DNS zone
APNIC is also actively involved in the development of Internet
infrastructure throughout the region. This includes providing training and
education services, supporting technical activities such as root server
deployments, and collaborating with other regional and international
The IUSN Foundation is a founding and continuous member of the DotAsia Organisation, which is
dedicated to leveraging the successful, collaborative atmosphere and network
among the Asia Internet community to create a globally visible Internet domain
as a cyberspace that belongs to Asia, and a platform that would contribute in
accelerating the overall growth of the region.
Asia has developed into a global force in the international commercial,
political and cultural network. The ".Asia" domain aspires to embrace this
dynamism in the Asia Century to become a nucleus, intersection and breeding
ground for Internet activity and development in the region.
DotAsia Organisation is a not-for-profit, membership-based organization
incorporated in Hong Kong as a "limited by guarantee and not having a share
capital" corporation. DotAsia is
the Sponsoring Organisation and Registry Operator for the .Asia Sponsored
Generic Top Level Domain (TLD). DotAsia oversees the policies and governance of the ".Asia" TLD
The mission of the DotAsia Organisation is:
- To sponsor, establish and
operate a regional Internet namespace with global recognition and regional
significance, dedicated to the needs of the Pan-Asia and Asia Pacific Internet
- To contribute proceeds in
socio-technological advancement initiatives relevant to the Pan-Asia and
Asia Pacific Internet community; and
- To operate a viable
not-for-profit initiative that is a technically advanced, world-class TLD
registry for the Pan-Asia and Asia Pacific community.